Muharramisa veryimportant month inthe historyof Islam,anditcaneasilybe understoodbysadlooksandthe streetsin black.Thismonthhas agreateventinthenameof Karbala, a tragic battle that accrued a long time ago.
Iranians have long honored thismonth,and ineverycityand land theyhaveuseda specialstyleofmourningtopreservethe deepbondofindigenoustraditionsofreligion,and to perform a meaning full eventtotheritual.
Duringthe 9thand10thofMuharram, whichareknownas Tasu’a andAshura,the mourningplanscometoa peak,anddifferentcustomsand traditions areseeneverywhereinthisland.Alongwith the preservationof traditionsandbeliefs,everyonetriestoshowtheirgriefatthismassivedisasterand to holdmourningforthe best. IneverycornerofIran, the mourningflagsshowthepresenceof tribesthatshaketheir big flagson their hands and whispering a sad song.
Story of Karbala
Long ago, when the last prophet Muhammad was gone, his grandson Husayn ibn Ali was invited by the people of kufa, a city in Iraq. The y asked him to be the next Caliphate. But Umayyad Caliphate, Yazid I could not let this happen. So he send his man to kufa and bought their loyalty. Husayn send his cousin to check the situation. People allowed him to send a letter to Husayn and tell him that everything is fine. But after that they brutally murdered him. Husayn strarted to move his man and family toward Kufa but Yazid send his man to stop him. Yazid was not the rightful caliphate but he couldn’t let go of power so easily. He tried to force Husayn to get his allegiance but Husayn refused to do so. The result of this disobedience was murdering Husayn and all his man and family in the most horrible way.
Traditions of Ashura
In Muharram there are several ways to show grief and sorrow. People may gather around in a mosque and tap their chest. this action is called “Sine Zani”.
They may line up and strike their shoulder with light cluster of chains. Few people will beat the big drums to resemble the war drums. A singer called Maddah sings sad war songs. This group is called Daste.
There are also somthing like theater performed that is called Ta’zieh. Ta’zieh is a kind of musical drama about events of Karbala.