Vank Cathedral is located in Isfahan city, Jolfa district.
Jolfa is located in south of Zayanderud. By the order of Shah Abbas the first, soldiers built a city for armenians.
Jolfa is one of the traditional neighborhoods in Isfahan.
Who Built it and Why?
This cathedral is somehow the result of Ottoman War of 1603-1618. The cathedral itself was began in 1606 by the first arrivals.
When Shah Abbas the first returned from Yerevan, he ordered to burn all the villages, farms and cattle in order to prevent Ottoman army from following them.
Of course he forced local people to abandon their homeland. Those who didn’t or couldn’t obey were killed. Those who leaved their home, did not last long ether.
The old ones, sick ones and children left behind in the middle of the way. The rest of them were drowned in Aras river. 300 thousand of 350 thousand of evacuees were killed or died on the way.
Those who survived, started to build a church with the same name of their own church in Jolfa( Azerbaijan).
Museum and Library
Inthe time of GreatDepression,Armenianslefteverything behindandcametoIran, butthe onlythingtheyhad failedtoignorewasthe booksintheirhomes,andthese booksweretheonlypropertythatwas alwaysvaluableforArmenians.
In1770to1790,theprintingpresswasburneddown, withonlya numberof lettersanditsformsprotectedfromfire,which are nowpreservedinthe Vank museum.
Architecture and Wall Paintings
Thearea ofthe Vank Cathedral is 8731 meters which 3857 of it is the main building and the rest of it is green area and garden.
There are two rooms oneithersideofthe entrancehall for the reception. Atthe topof theentrance,the belfryisa three– storeytower thatstandsonthesecondfloorof thatbigclockweighingthree hundred pounds.Onthe foursidesof the tower,foursidesof theclockhave been installedwhich is 104cm indiameter.
Unlikethe oldArmenianchurches that builtmostlybystone, Vank cathedral is built by raw brick. The outerwallofthe church is built with brick and plaster which is covered with paintings as a decoration. The churchhastwo dome;thedomeisonthe site ofthepublicestablishment,andthe great domeisbuiltonthe frontofthealtar.
Theelevationof the churchwallsfrom theboundary walltothe roofof the secondflooris11/75m.Withinthe church,ata distanceofabout 25metersfrom the westwall,twosquare columns,eachsideofwhichthesidesaretwometres.
Paintings of the wall shows tales oftheBible,andpicturesofthebirthto ascension of JesusChrist.Onthe partofthe churchwalls,the dayof resurrectionisseen as the DayofResurrectionandHeavenandHell.The costofallthe decorationanddecorationofthe Church is providedby Avdik Stepanus. Thechurchgilded work is a masterpiece among Armenianchurches.
TheArmenian Genocide, also known as the Armenian Holocaust was the Ottoman government’s systematic extermination of 1.5 million Armenians, mostly citizens within the Ottoman Empire. The starting date is conventionally held to be 24 April 1915, the day that Ottoman authorities rounded up, arrested, and…