Persian Traditional Wrestling
What is it?
Without doubt Iran’s national sport is Koshti (wrestling). From ancient times mankind has practiced wrestling all around the world and of course in Iran. Koshti (Wrestling) is a combat between two people and its basic rule is that whoever succeeds in pinning down their opponent, wins.
What are Koshti (wrestling) Types?
Different types of Koshti (Wrestling) are practiced in different regions of Iran. There are more similarities noticedbetween them than differences. The most famous type of which is”Zoorkhanei” Koshti. It’s also known as Bastani or Pahlavani. It’s
practiced in a “zoorkhane” (house of strength) and it’s the most advanced type considering the rules and the championships. Another noticeable type is “Bachukheh”. It’s said to be the oldest type of Koshti (Wrestling) in Iran and is most played in Khorasan, Gorgan and Kerman. It takes place outside and doesn’t have a fixed field. The competitors wear special belts called “Chukheh”. Whoever makes the opponent’s back touch the ground twice, wins the competition.
“Torkamani” is the third type that we mention here. In this one opponents must just grab each other’s wrest and no other part. Obviously it requires much body strength.
“Gilaki” is the next. This type starts with the two standing far from each other and then approaching
together in particular ways. After that Koshti (Wrestling) continues in common ways yet they are not allowed to hit each other with their hands.
Other tyoes of Koshti (Wrestling) are Iliati, Ashirma, Garesh, Lucho, Zuran-Patuleh, Baghal be Baghal, Arabic, Kamarbandi, Lashkarkeshi, Kajgardan, Daste Baghal, Kamari, Jang, Lori and Kurdish.